Time and process in International Business research

Time and place: May 24-25, 2022, University of Turku, online course via Zoom

Learning goal and objectives:

Scholars have argued that time and temporality require more attention. Majority of international business research phenomena are temporally contextualised and/or comprise some process characteristics. However, addressing time in studies can increase complexity and require specific planning and preparation of the research process. It can also be challenging in trying to embed processes and temporal aspects to journal articles and doctoral theses. The course will introduce the students how IB studies can be conducted by following a temporal paradigmatic approach focusing on the philosophical, conceptual and methodological domain. After the course the students have knowledge and understanding of

  • Critical thinking and analysis of time in their doctoral research
  • The philosophical dimensions of time and process research
  • The conceptual dimension of time and process research
  • The methodological dimension of time and process research
  • The ability to critically apply the temporal paradigmatic approach in their doctoral research.

Instruction and examination:

The students will submit a pre-assignment, where they will motivate their participation to the course in reflecting how time and temporality is or could be relevant in their research. The course consists of streamed online workshops covering two course days, and a set of pre-recorded short lectures that the students are to familiarize with before the workshops. After the course the students will write a post-assignment, where they will reflect on their learning during the course. In addition to the recorded lectures, the course material consists of a reading package of articles, books and book chapters.

Credits: 4 (ECTS)

Grading: The grading of the course will be based on a five-level grading scale (sufficient, satisfactory, good, very good, excellent). The course grade will be formed based on three assessment areas: the pre-assignment, active participation to the online workshops, and the post-assignment. The weight of both the pre- and post-assignment in the assessment is 40 percent, and the active course participation is 20 percent.

Prerequisites: PhD students

Admittance: 25 PhD students are admitted to the course. The applicants are to enrol to the course by emailing the course coordinators by April 8, 2022. After that the students will be sent a Moodle key and instructions for writing the pre-assignment. The deadline for the pre-assignment is on April 22, 2022 and a notification of acceptance to the course will be sent by May 2, 2022. The deadline for the post-assignment in on June 10, 2022.


Eriikka Paavilainen-Mäntymäki, Associate Professor in International Business, University of Turku, https://www.utu.fi/en/people/eriikka-paavilainen-mantymaki.

Eriikka Paavilainen-Mäntymäki is an Associate Professor of International Business at the University or Turku and an Adjunct Professor at University of Vaasa. Eriikka’s research interests include qualitative research methods, philosophy of time in business research, the internationalization process of the firm, and small and medium-sized enterprise and family entrepreneurship research. She is a guest editor in Journal of World Business special issue with the title “Time Matters: Rethinking the Role of Time in International Business Research” and a co-editor in the “Handbook on Longitudinal Research Studies in Organisation and Business Studies” (Edward Elgar). Eriikka has published e.g. in Journal of International Business StudiesInternational Journal of Management ReviewsOrganizational Research MethodsInternational Business Review and Management International Review.

Dr. Melanie Hassett, Director of Postgraduate Education, Lecturer in International Business, Sheffield University Management School, homepage. https://www.sheffield.ac.uk/management/people/academic-staff/melanie-hassett.

Melanie E. Hassett is a Lecturer in International Business and Director of Postgraduate Education at Sheffield University Management School (SUMS), UK. Melanie’s research interests include internationalization of both large and small firms, cross-border mergers and acquisitions, emotions, and qualitative research methods. She has co-edited “Handbook on Longitudinal Research Studies in Organisation and Business Studies” published by Edward Elgar and a guest editor in Journal of World Business special issue with the title “Time Matters: Rethinking the Role of Time in International Business Research”. She has published in International Business Review and Management International Review, among others.

Course coordinators: Eriikka Paavilainen-Mäntymäki, ejpama@utu.fi and Melanie Hassett, melanie.hassett@sheffield.ac.uk